How do I refine my Library searches?

This article describes basic library searches (type a term and get all kinds of results) and advanced searches (refine your searches using keywords).

Basic searches

When you type a search term in Library search, Populi looks through three resource fields for your term: Title, Author/Creator, and Subject. Search results will then include all matches from all fields.

Say you searched for "Yeats". That might return the following:

  • A New Commentary on the Poems of W.B. Yeats by A. Norman Jeffaires: this matched the Title field
  • The Collected Poems of W.B. Yeats by William Butler Years: this matched the Author/Creator field
  • The Hybrid Muse: Postcolonial Poetry in English by Jahan Ramazani: this matched the Subject field

That's what happens when you type text. You can also search for particular barcodes and call numbers; just type in the number. Keep in mind that other resources will show up in your results. If you search for call number 1984 YL04.502, you'll get that call number as well as George Orwell's 1984. See Keywords for information on how to limit your barcode and call number searches.

Fuzzy matching

Populi Library uses "fuzzy matching" for basic searches as outlined above. In addition to searching through the different resource fields, it also checks for words that look and sound similar to your search term.

For example, if you misspelled the poet's name and searched for "Yates", Library will include matches for (among other possibilities): 


  • Yeats
  • Oates
  • And, of course, Yates


Advanced Search

Advanced search operators make your searches more specific either by focusing your search or excluding results from your search. You can use these operators in combination with one another.


Keywords focus your search to specific resource fields. They also let you search for particular phrases (groups of words).

  • title: Focuses your search term on matches in the title field...

title: collected Title must contain collected 

  • author: creator: Focuses your search term on matches in the author or creator field... 

creator: bach Creator must contain bach 

  • subject: Focuses your search term on matches in the subject field... 

subject: poetry criticism One or more subject fields must contain poetry and criticism

  • barcode: call number: If using the barcode and call number keywords, your search term must match the entire barcode you are searching for

Other operators

  • OR OR lets you search for more than one discrete term at a time; just insert it between one term and the next (you can use it multiple times)

subject: poetry OR criticism OR history Returns all subject fields that match poetry, criticism, or history

poetry OR yeats OR weather Returns all resources with matches in any field for poetry, yeats, or weather

  • - This lets you exclude terms from your search; just insert it right before the term you wish to skip

author: shakespeer title: -midsummer Returns Shakespeare's works (thanks to fuzzy matching) except for A Midsummer Night's Dream

  • EXACT Begin your search string with EXACT (must be in all caps) to turn off fuzzy matching 

EXACT title: great author: fitzgerald Returns F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

  • " Surround a multi-word search term with quotes to turn it into a search string; this will search for complete phrases

title: "world war ii" Returns titles that match the string world war ii; fuzzy matching still applies, so it will also find titles containing world war i and werld wor too

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