Rubrics are standard guides for evaluating and grading student assignments and other coursework.
- Rubrics contain evaluative criteria and scoring levels the instructor uses to rate the student's performance in those criteria.
- The student's scores, in turn, are used to determine her grade for the assignment.
- When the student views her assignment grade and feedback, she'll also see how she performed on each criterion.
- Rubrics can exist at the "global" level—when created in Academics > Settings, they can be used in any course. They can also be created at the individual course level for use only in that course.
- A rubric can incorporate criteria created for other rubrics.
- To be used—whether for grading or for sharing criteria with other rubrics—a rubric must be Published.
Creating a new rubric
Academic Admins can create new global rubrics in Academics > Settings > Rubrics. Faculty can create rubrics for their own courses in the course Rubrics view.
(You can also create criteria first and then create rubrics—click the Criteria view and follow the instructions for adding criteria, below.)
- Click Add a rubric.
- Choose whether you wish to create a new rubric or duplicate an existing one.
- If duplicating an existing rubric, choose the rubric you'd like to copy and then click Save.
Whether you add a new rubric or duplicate an existing one, after you save you'll be taken to the rubric's page, where you can start adding (or editing) its criteria.
A criterion gives you a framework for scoring a particular aspect of the student's work.
- Although created within rubrics, criteria are independent of them—when you create a global criterion, it can be used (or copied and modified) in any rubric at your school. (Criteria created within a course may be used in any rubric in that course.)
- A criterion contains multiple levels that explain the student's performance on that aspect of the assignment—e.g. Good. Fair, or Poor.
- When a student achieves a certain level, he earns a certain percentage of the assignment's grade points for that criterion. You assign each level a certain percentage or range.
- Each criterion in a rubric carries part of the weight of the assignment grade.
To add a criterion to the rubric:
- Go to the rubric's page.
- Click Add Criterion.
- You have three options:
- Use existing: Uses an existing criterion from a published rubric
- Duplicate: Copies an existing criterion from a published rubric that you may then modify for this rubric
- Create new: Lets you create a new criterion (see below)
To create a new criterion:
- Give it a name (required) and a description (optional).
- Check if you'd like to use ranges for your levels.
- If you don't, each level will be worth a set percentage, with the highest being 100%, the lowest 0%, and the remainder divided as you see fit.
- If you use ranges, you can customize the percentages the student earns for achieving that level.
Publishing and modifying rubrics and criteria
Before a rubric can be used in a course, it must be published!
- On the rubric's page, click Published.
- Check Yes.
- Click Save.
Once you publish a global rubric, it will be available for faculty to import into any course. Once a course rubric is published, it can be added to any assignment in that course.
Here are the ways you can change a rubric and modify its criteria.
- Criteria weights: When editing a criterion (see below), you can change its weight. You can also click Edit criteria weights at the bottom of the rubric and adjust all the weights at the same time. The weights of a published rubric must add up to exactly 100%.
- When you edit all criteria weights at the same time, click Balance Weights to give each criterion the same weight as the others.
- Click Actions to duplicate, retire, or delete the rubric. (You can only delete rubrics that have not been used to grade a student assignment.)
- Re-order the criteria in the rubric by clicking and dragging the elements.
- Remove a criterion from the rubric by clicking . Doing so does not delete the criterion altogether.
- Click to edit a criterion.
- You cannot edit a criterion if it is used in another rubric or has been used to grade student work.
- If you cannot edit the criterion, you'll be given the option to replace it with a copy and edit that instead.
Academic Admins can also work directly with criteria in Academics > Settings > Rubrics.
- Click Add Criterion to create a new criterion.
- Click a criterion to:
- Edit it (if it has not been used)
- Make a copy
- Delete it (if it has not been used)
- Retire it
- Change its Published setting